Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a computer-assisted medical imaging technique for creating cross-sectional images by exposing a subject to radio waves in the presence of a powerful magnetic field and measuring signals emitted by certain atoms or molecules (like water) in response to this treatment. Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) uses T1-weighted sequences to record the signal change caused by the contrast agent passing through the measured area, allowing assessment of tissue perfusion. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with DCE-MRI method is hampered by the T1 saturation effect (Husso et al., 2019), but coronary flow reserve (CFR) can still be assessed with good accuracy.
Gadolinium is paramagnetic, and therefore used as contrast agent for MRI. Gd3+ is bound to chelators with required pharmacokinetic properties. Although Gd3+ is toxic, and deposition of gadolinium in various tissues has been observed, adverse effects have been limited to nephrogenic systemic fibrosis in patients with severe renal insufficiency.
Using MR images in Turku PET Centre
What are MR images used for?
- As anatomical reference for accurate placement of regions of interest (ROI); CT images can also be used as anatomical reference
- In warping a subject's brain onto a template or atlas, to apply SPM or ROI templates
- In attenuation correction of PET images when using PET-MR
- In partial volume correction (PVEout is not routinely used, but was tested by Harri Merisaari)
How to find the reference MRI data?
MRI scans after summer 2006
MR images can be found in PETPACS.
MRI scans before summer 2006
If not found in PETPACS, then ask the IT group.
MRI file format
Images are in DICOM format, each in its own folder. Usually each DICOM image consists of >100 files in a single folder, but can also consist of a single file.
Note that DICOM image contain subject name and identity number. Unless these are removed from the DICOM image e.g. using programs dcmanon or ImageConverter (both can be downloaded from here), it is strictly forbidden to take or send image outside the hospital.
DICOM format can be converted into other image formats using ImageConverter (consult Timo Laitinen), or Vinci.
For an Analyze 7.5 MRI image the coregistration to an Analyze 7.5 PET image can be done with coreg.
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Updated at: 2019-07-30
Created at: 2013-05-27
Written by: Vesa Oikonen